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SYLLABUS
B.Tech. . CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS
Sant Gadgebaba Amravati University, Amravati
1 First year (Common for all Branches of Engineering)
2 Second year B.Tech. (Chemical Engineering)
3 Third Year B.Tech. (Chemical Engineering)
4 Final (Fourth) Year B.Tech. (Chemical Engineering)
 
SYLLABUS PRESCRIBED FORTWO YEAR P.G. COURSE INMASTER OF TECHNOLOGY (FULL TIME) (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING) FIRST SEMESTER
1CE 1 - TRANSPORT PHENOMENA
Viscosity and Mechanisms of Momentum Transport, Shell momentum balances and velocity distribution in Laminar flow., Equation of continuity, Mechanical energy, and equation of motion, velocity distribution in Turbulent flow, Polymeric liquids, Non Newtonian Viscosity and Models, Molecular theory of Polymeric Liquids. Boundary layer flow and hydrodynamic boundary layer. Thermal conductivity and the mechanism of Energy transport, Shell energy balance and temperature distributions in laminar and turbulent flow, convective transport of energy, Thermal boundary layer theory, Heat transfer coefficients for different situations. Diffusivity and the mechanisms of Mass Transport. Mass transport by convection, concentration distributions in laminar and turbulent flow. Concentration boundary layer, Mass transfer with chemical reaction. Simultaneous heat, mass and momentum transfer, analogy, dimensional analysis, Scale up. Recent Developments in the fields and future challenges.
 
Books and References
1. Transport Phenomena, R.B.Bird, W.E. Stewart and E.W. Lightfoot.John Wiley, 2nd Ed
2. Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer, J.R. Wilty, et.Al.  John Wiley, 4th Ed.
3. Transport Processes and Separation process Principles, Christie J.Geankopolis 4th Ed. Prantice Hall.
1 CE 2 - ADVANCED BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Kinetics of Microbial Growth And Product Formation Phases of cell growth in batch cultures; simple unstructured kinetic models for microbial growth; growth associated product formation kinetics; Monod and Leudeking-Piret models; etc., Introduction to structured models for growth and product formation. Stoichiometry of cell growth and Product formation-elemental balances, available electron balances, degrees of reduction; yield coefficients of biomass and product formation; maintenance coefficients; oxygen consumption and heat evolution in aerobic cultures.
Techniques in Fermentation
Sterilization: Sterilization methods; Thermal death kinetics; Design criterion; Batch and continuous Heat- Sterilization of liquid media; Membrane Filter Sterilization of liquid media and Air.(Death kinetics and design criteria to be elaborated)Transport Phenomena In Bioreactors Mass Transfer in heterogeneous biochemical reaction systems; oxygen transfer in submerged fermentation processes; oxygen uptake transfer coefficients (k1.a); relation OUR and OTR, role of aeration and agitation in oxygen transfer. Heat transfer processes in biological systems. Process Design and Construction Of Bioreactors Materials of construction, vessel geometry, Bearing assemblies, motor drives; Aseptic Seals; Flow measuring Devices, valves; Agitator and Sparger Design ; sensors and its ancillaries. Operational modes of reactors-Batch, continuous, Fed batch, repetitive batch, recycles and continuous cultivation; novel bioreactors; stirred tank, air lift & loop reactors, packed-bed and hollow-Fiber membrane Bio-reactors; reactors for waste-treatment processes; scale up criteria for bioreactors
Books and References
1. Bailey J.E and Ollis, D.F.Biochemical Engineering fundamentals,McGraw Hill (1986).
2. James M.Lee, Biochemical Engineering, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
3. Michael L. Shuler and Fikret Kargi ,  Bioprocess Engineering: Basic Concepts, Second Edition, Prentice Hall.
4. S. Aiba et al, Biochemical Engineering, Academic Press, London,1965.
1 CE 3 - PROCESS CONTROL
Dynamic modeling of complex processes by applying fundamental laws, Empirical modeling Graphical methods for first order plus dead time and second order (over &under) damped Processes. Computer based process parameter estimation techniques. Introduction to non linear, open loop unstable, dead time, integrating processes and their control. Advanced control strategies, controller design for cascade control, feed forward control and interfacial Control. Adaptive control, MRAC and STR, control configuration, Analysis and Applications Model based control: Internal model control, Dynamic matrix control, model predictive control. Multivariable control, Transfer function Matrix, Stability and interaction analysis. Digital control: Hardware & Software requirement, Introduction of DDC, DCS, supervisory (optimizing) and hierarchical, z-and modified z-transformation and their inverse. Controller design and implementation. Case studies. Recent Developments in the fields and future challenges.
Books & References

1. George Stephanopoules, “Chemical Process Control, AnIntroduction to Theory and Practical”, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1998

2. Smith C A and Corripio A B “Principles and Practice of AutomotiveProcess Control”, John Wiley, New York, 1976.
3. Coughnowr D R, “Process System Analysis and Control” 2nd edn.,McGraw Hill, New York, 1991.
4. Luyben” Process Modelling, Simulation and Control for ChemicalEngineers”, 2nd edn, McGraw Hill, 1990.
1 CE 4 - MATHEMATICAL MODELING AND OPTIMIZATION
Introduction to process engineering and optimization, formulation of various process optimization problems and their  classification, basic concept of optimization, convex and concave function, necessary and sufficient conditions for stationary points, optimization of one dimensional problems Unconstrained multi variable optimization, direct search methods, indirect first and second order methods, linear Programming and its application : Simplex and Big M & two phase methods. Constrained multilevel optimization, necessary and sufficient conditions for optimum, quadratic programming, Dynamic programming, and integer and mixed integer programming. Neural Network: Fundamentals, basic propagation network, use of neural networking in industries, fundamentals of genetic algorithm, genetic modeling.
Books & References
1. T.F.Edgar and D.M Himmelblau “Optimization of Chemical Processes” McGraw Hill Edition.
2. Rao S.S “Engineering Optimization” New Age
3. Sharma J.K. “Operations Research”
4. Rajasekaran R, & Vijayalakshmi G.A. “Neural Network, Fussy Systems and Genetic Algorithm.

1CE5 - ELECTIVE-I (Any one of the following topics)

1)  ADVANCED CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
Introduction to Spectroscopical Methods Of Analysis Molecular Spectroscopy, Atomic Spectroscopy, Polarimetry And Refractometry, Electrometric Methods Of Analysis, XRD Analysis Thermal Methods, Chromatographic Methods QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY: Beer-Lambert’s Law, Limitations, Deviations (Real, Chemical, Instrumental). Nesslerimetry, Duboscq colourimetry, Estimation of inorganic ions such as Fe, Ni and estimation of Nitrite using Beer-Lambert’s Law. Various electronic transitions in organic and inorganic compounds effected by UV, Visible and infra red radiations, Various energy level diagrams of saturated, unsaturated and carbonyl compounds, excitation by UV and Visible radiations, Woodward-Fischer rules for the calculation of absorption maxima (dienes and carbonylcompounds), Effects of auxochromes and effects of conjugation on the absorption maxima, Instrumentation for UV, VISIBLE and IR spectroscopies (Source, Optical parts and Detectors), Multicomponent analysis, Classification of chromatographic methods, Column, Thin layer, Paper, Gas, High Performance Liquid Chromatographical methods (Principle, mode of separation and Technique). Separation of organic compounds by column and Thin layer, mixture of Cu, Co and Ni by Paper, separation of amino acids by paper, estimation of organic compounds by GC and HPLC.
Books & References
1. Parikh V.M., “Absorption Spectroscopy of Organic Molecules “, Addison - Wesley Publishing Company, 1974.
2. Willard, H.H., Merritt. I.I., Dean J.A., and Settle, F.A., “InstrumentalMethods of Analysis”, Sixth edition, CBS publishers, 1986.
3. Skoog D.A. and West D.M., “Fundamentals of AnalyticalChemistry”, Saunders-College Publishing, 1982.
4. Banwell, G.C., “Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy”, TMH, 1992.
1CE5 - ELECTIVE-I
2)  MATERAL SCIENCE
Packing’s in crystals, ceramic structure, silicate materials, refractory material, structure sensitive materials, polymeric materials, structure, rheology, mechanical properties, instruments used for determination of structure, detects, advances in polymeric materials, metals like carbon, steel, alloy steel, effect of cooling & heating on structure of metal structure, strengthening mechanism, rubber and composite materials. Stress characteristics, reinforced material, plastics in packaging, containers for pharmaceutical, beverage, food, oil, detergent, etc. industries, BOPP film in food packaging, laminated, heat seable,  flame proof polyester fibers, flame retardant polyolefin fibers, polymer alloys and their applications, nylon, pc, pvc, polysulphur etc., alloys, materials of construction for handling specific chemicals, Lining of equipment, inspection & testing, corrosion, fatigue, protection & testing, nonmaterial. Books & References

1) Process Design of Equipments, Vol. I & II: Dawande S.D., CentralTechno Pub., Nagpur.
2) Hydrocarbon Processing- Journal
3) Corrosion Engineering: Fontana M.G., McGraw Hill.
4) Chemical Engg. - World Journal.
5) Chemical Age of India.

1CE5 - ELECTIVE-I

3)  PULP & PAPER TECHNOLOGY
Raw materials for making pulp & Paper. Different pulping processes, pulp washing, recovery of spent chemicals, pulp bleaching, stock preparation: beating, refining, internal sizing filling & loading, coloring, wet end additives. Four drinier and cylinder mold paper making machines, sheet formation, Pressing, sheet drying, external sizing, winding, Handmade paper production. Environmental aspect of Pulp & Paper Industry. Recent Development of subject.
Books & References

1. Pulp & Paper, Chemistry & Chemical Technology Casey, J.P.Wiley Interscience, New York
2. Pulp & Paper Manufacture, MacDonald R.G, McGraw Hill
3. Pulping Processes, Rydhlom S.A Interscience, New York
4. Pulp & Paper, Science and Technology, Libby, C.E McGraw Hill
5. Handbook of Pulp & Paper Technology, Britt, K.W. Reinhold Publishing Corporation, NY.

1CE6 - TRANSPORT PHENOMENA-LAB
Practical based on above syllabus.
1CE7 - ADVANCED BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Practical based on above syllabus.
 
SECOND SEMESTER
2CE1 - CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING
Basic concept of design of reactors, types, optimization techniques, multiphase reactors, multiphase reactions, heterogeneous catalytic reactions, Reactors, distillation columns, evaporators and driers. Process change for improved heat integration. Heat and mass exchange networks and network design. CHEM CAD/CAMASPHEN Essential utilities of chemical process plants such as Water sources, steam, compressors & vacuum pumps, refrigeration systems, inert gases etc. Recent Developments in the fields and future challenges.
Books & References

1. Jack Broughton; Process Utility Systems; Institution of Chem.Engineers U.K.
2. Reid, Prausnitz poling; The Properties of Gases & Liquids, IV ed.McGraw Hill International ed.
3. S.C.Arora & S.Domkumdwar; A Course in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning; Dhanpat Rai & Co.(P) ltd.

2CE4 - ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
Sources of energy, different forms and conversion , solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, composition  Analysis, heating values, combustion of fuels, furnaces and furnace streams, material and energy Balance, consumption and heat transfer efficiency, furnace design, oxidation of sulfur and sulfur compounds, alternate sources of energy, energy auditing, case studies, principle of renewable energy, technical and social implications. Solar radiation, measurement and estimation, solar heating devices, solar water heaters, sheltered and unsheltered heaters, systems with separate storage, selective surfaces, solar ponds, solar concentrators and other devices, Bio fuels: classification, combustion and pyrolysis, production of alcohol and bio gas. Bio diesel, fundamentals, Transesterification of vegetable oils for bio diesel  production, characterization  of bio diesel, economics, current trends, future prospects. Hydrogen energy,: system and analysis, hydrogen infrastructure, safety, codes and standards. Hydrogen production: Electrolysis, thermo chemical, hydrogen from fossil fuels, biomass a renewable sources of energy. Hydrogen storage, carbon storage materials, metal and chemical hydrides, cryogenic hydrogen storage, hydrogen fuel cells. Recent Developments in the fields and future challenges.
Books & References

1. Fuels & Fuel Technology: Francis W; Peter M.C Pergmon Press
2. Fuel Combustion Energy Technology: S.N.Saha, Dhanpat Rai Pub. Co. New Delhi
3. Conventional Energy Technology: S.B.Pandya, Tata McGraw Hill60
4. Practical Techniques of Saving Energy in Chemical Industries: Sitting M, Noyes Data Corp. USA.
5. Brame J. S. S. and King J. G. Edward Arnold, “Fuel, Solid, Liquid and Gases”
6. Sukhatme S.P., “Solar Energy”

2CE5 - ELECTIVE-II (Any one of the following)

1) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING & WASTE MANAGEMENT
Ecology and environment, sources of air waster, solid wastes, Air pollution, Micrometeorology and dispersion of  pollutants in environment, Fate of pollutants, Air pollution control techniques, centrifugal collectors, electrostatics, precipitator, bag filter, wet scrubbers, Design &efficiencies, Combustion generated pollution, vehicle emission control, case studies, Water pollution, water quality modeling  of streams, Characterization of effluents, effluent standards, treatment methods, Primary, secondary and tertiary methods,  solid waste collection, treatment and disposals, waste  recovery systems.
Books & References

1. Environmental Impact Assessment L.Canter, McGraw Hill
2. Fundamentals of Ecology, E.P.Odum, V.B.Sounders & CO
3. Physici-Chemical Process for water quality control, Wiley International
4. Water & Water Pollution Handbook, L.L.Gaccio, Marcel Dekkar, New
York.

2CE5 - ELECTIVE-II
2) NANOTECHNOLOGY
Introduction to Nanotechnology – History of nano-revolution, nano scale materials and their applications, Carbon nano tubes, organic and inorganic nano structures.
Future of the nanotechnology.
Materials used in Nanotechnology – An overview of the physical (mechanical, electrical) and chemical properties of different classes of solid materials such as metals, semi conductors, insulators and polymers. Examples of size effects of properties observed in thin films, colloids and nano crystals. Photoelectron, Optical and Ion spectroscopy and Probe Microscopy. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)Applications – Examples of applications in Micro and Nano technology including, Micro fluidics, Micro Electron Mechanical Systems (MEMS) membrane technology, and catyalyst and coatings
Books & References

1. M. Wilson, K. K. G. Smith, M. Simmons and B, Raguse; Nanotechnology, Chapman & Hall/CRC press 2002
2. M. Meyyappan; Carbon Nanotubes, Science and application; CRCPress, 2005
3. Alexei Nabok; Organic and Inorganic Nanostructures; Publisher Artech House, London, 2005
4. H. Watarai, N. Teramae and T Sawada; Interfacial Nano-chemistry; Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, 2005

2CE5 - ELECTIVE-II

3) CHEMOINFORMATICS

Definition; in-vivo, in-vitro, in-silico synthesis of molecules Representation of molecules in computers; WLN, SMILES, In Chi etc.; Graphtheory; Property Calculations; QSAR,  QSPR Molecular surfaces; data mining, data modeling; 2D and 3D structural databases; Database search tools (ANN, GA, Fuzzy etc.)Virtual reactions, reaction prediction; bond energies; reaction databases; drug  design; CML Introduction to packages such as ACDLABS, Chemsk8, Chemaxon, JME,Molchem

Books & References

1. J. Gasteiger, T. Engel, “Chemo informatics,” Wiley-VCH, Weinheim,Germany, 2003 A. Leach, V. Gillet, “An Introduction to Chemo informatics,” Springer, 2003.
2. J. Bajorath, “Chemo informatics: Concepts, Methods, and Tools for Drug Discovery (Methods in Molecular Biology),” Humana Press, 2004
3. Gasteiger, Johann J., ed. Handbook of Chemo informatics: From Datato Knowledge. 4 v. Wiley-VCH, 2003.

2CE6 - CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING-LAB

Practical based on above syllabus.

2CE7 - ADVANCED SEPARATION PROCESS
Practical based on above syllabus.
 

THIRD   SEMESTER

3CE1 - DISSERTATION / SEMINAR
Preparation of detailed report based on collection of data, experimental work, published review, etc, on a topic related to the Project / Dissertation and presentation as seminar.
Literature survey on Project / Dissertation topic, planning of work, finalizing materials and methodology, etc.
 
FOURTH SEMESTER
4CE1 - DISSERTATION / SEMINAR: Review of Project
Dissertation data generated experimentation, conclusion drawn, recommendations given, preparation of report, calculation, designing, etc.
 
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